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The Importance of Hygiene in Salons and How to Enforce Them


It is the primary responsibility of salon owners and employees to uphold excellent hygiene standards in their respective establishments. To avoid any mishaps such as cross-infection, salon employees must ensure that all tools, equipment, premises, and materials that are being utilised during treatments are not only kept clean but germ-free, too. Also, prevailing sanitary rules are to be followed at all times. A clean and sanitary salon guarantees continuous profits as clients are confident in the services they offer. 


Why is hygiene crucial in the successful operation of a salon?


Hygiene is a collection of practices that aims to prevent disease and preserve health. This series of activities include both personal and public hygiene. Creating a hygienic environment in the salon has a direct influence on the welfare of personnel as well as that of clients’.


To protect yourself, your clientele, and public health, you should educate yourself on standard hygiene practices that are to be enforced in a salon. Bear in mind that a clean, safe, and sterile salon is key to success as it will attract more customers to your business. 


Standard Rules to Avoid Cross Infection


Cross infection occurs either by direct personal contact or through indirect contact via a contaminated object. To prevent the incidence of cross-infection, here are rules you must follow at work:


-      Have a clear understanding to recognise signs of infection

Ø Refrain contact with the infected person that may put clients at risk.

Ø Regular sanitation of treatment areas and work stations is a must. 

Ø Provide clients with their towel and gown during treatment. 

Ø Do not forget to wash hands before, during, and after treatment interactions for each client. 

Ø Tools, equipment, and machinery are to be cleaned and sterilised regularly. 

Ø Wear personal protective articles during treatments such as gloves, apron, and mask if needed. 

Ø Proper disposal of waste is a requirement. Dispose of all wastes in a lined trash bin during treatment. 

Ø Drinking and eating are prohibited inside the salon. 


The Difference Between Sanitation and Sterilisation?


In essence, sanitation is a collective terminology for activities that clean and remove dirt to reduce infection. Sanitation practices establish cleanliness but do not necessarily eradicate microorganisms. 


Sterilisation, on the other hand, is a collective terminology for procedures that effectively kill microorganisms to establish a sterile environment. 


What procedures are to be used and followed in the salon?


It is recommended to enforce both sanitation and sterilisation practices in a salon.


  •     Sanitation


  • Wash hands with anti-bacterial or disinfectant soap. 
  • Use and application of disinfectants and antiseptic formulations on equipment and work stations. 


  •     Sterilisation


  • Immerse tools into boiling water for 3 to 5 minutes for proper sterilisation. 
  • Auto-clave is a machine that works similarly to a pressure cooker. It is a piece of equipment common in salons and is used to sterilize metal and glass tools. A complete round of auto-clave takes about 11 to 15 minutes.


Here’s how you should wash your hands when working in a salon


The hands come into direct contact with numerous objects throughout the day. Other parts of our body come into direct or indirect contact with external items, too. Due to this fact alone, hands pose the biggest health risk if not sanitised regularly.


Activities inside the salon involve contact with people and items that may potentially be contaminated. Dirty hands can pose a potential risk of cross infection. It is therefore important to wash your hands regularly throughout the entire shift, and most importantly, in between clients. Do not forget to keep the wash are clean and tidy, too!


It is recommended to use an anti-bacterial soap or cleanser that features skin conditioning agents so your hands do not become irritated or dry over time. 


If your work entails you to perform manicures and pedicures or other procedures that involve skin-to-skin contact, make sure that the hands and feet of your clients are washed thoroughly before treatment.  After washing, the hands and feet should be cleansed with an alcohol-based sanitizer, too. Sanitisers deliver further protection not only for you but for clients as well. 


How do you keep work surfaces clean?


It is of utmost importance that work surfaces in the salon are regularly kept clean to avoid cross-infection altogether. Keeping work surfaces clean and tidy also add to the overall neat aesthetics of a salon. 


Invest in powerful cleaning products as they guarantee optimum cleaning efficiency. Use professional-grade cleaning products formulated to thoroughly cleanse and sanitise different types of work surfaces. Disinfectant wipes are also a great addition to your salon cleaning arsenal as they remove small particles such as dust and allergens. You may also use spray disinfectants or refillable spray bottles for cleaning products for a more practical cleaning solution for your salon. 


Objects that are commonly used by all personnel and clients such as phones and keyboards are excellent hosts to microorganisms. It is imperative to clean these items with disinfectants, too.


How do you clean salon chairs and couches?


Salon chairs are most commonly made from either PVC or vinyl. These two are popular in salons as they are comfortable and very easy to clean, too. Use the right cleansing product that can safely clean PVC and vinyl. Do not use alcohol-based cleansing agents on these materials as they can get brittle and eventually crack over time. Cracked surfaces will be more difficult to disinfect as they become areas where bacteria can easily multiply. 


Chairs and couches are to be cleaned on a regular basis. A small amount of infected blood could be the cause of infection when not wiped off couches and other surfaces. Good housekeeping practices should be implemented in the salon to prevent cross-infection. 


How do you sanitise and sterilize salon instruments and tools?


All salon instruments and tools used by employees should be sanitised regularly and in between clients. For tools that come in direct contact with the skin, it is a requirement to sterilize them accordingly. 


Do not attempt to cut corners when it comes to sanitation and sterilisation. Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions on how to clean equipment and tools. 


Establishing and implementing good hygiene practices in a salon is not a difficult feat. Not only will your salon look attractive, but it will also be a safer place for you and your clients, too!